Here’s a quick look at what’s going on in the sky during the month of October, 2013:
October 4— New Moon, 8:34 p.m. The Moon is not illuminated by direct sunlight.
October 8— Draconid meteor shower. A moderate meteor shower originating near the constellation Draco.
October 10— Moon at perigee (its closest point to the Earth), 7:07 p.m.
October 10— Southern Taurid meteor shower. This will be a very favorable year for this minor shower.
October 11— First Quarter Moon, 7:02 p.m. One-half of the Moon appears illuminated by direct sunlight while the illuminated part is increasing.
October 18— Full Hunter’s Moon, 7:38 p.m. The visible Moon is fully illuminated by direct sunlight. Though the Moon is only technically in this phase for a few seconds, it is considered “full” for the entire day of the event, and appears full for three days.
October 18— Penumbral Eclipse of the Moon. The moon slides through the northern part of the Earth’s penumbral shadow. At mid-eclipse, 79 percent of the Moon’s diameter will be immersed in the penumbra, probably deep enough to cause a faint, yet discernible, darkening of the Moon’s lower limb. The region of visibility includes much of Asia, Europe and Africa. The central and eastern portion of North America will get a view of the slightly darkened Hunter’s Moon during the early evening hours. Moon Enters Penumbra: 5:48 p.m. – Middle of Eclipse: 7:50 p.m. Moon Leaves Penumbra: 9:52 p.m.
October 21— Orionid meteor shower. Due to a bright waning gibbous Moon, his will be an unfavorable year for this powerful shower originating near the constellation Orion.
October 25— Moon at apogee (its farthest point from the Earth), 10:26 a.m.
October 26— Last Quarter Moon, 7:40 p.m. One-half of the Moon appears illuminated by direct sunlight while the illuminated part is decreasing.