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What is Pfeffernüsse?

What is Pfeffernüsse?

To many cultures, the holidays wouldn’t be complete without festive pfeffernüsse (pron.: fef-fer-noos-a). This tempting, traditional, tiny spice cookie appears in profusion just around the time the snow flies in Germany, Denmark, and The Netherlands, as well as in and around Mennonite communities in North America.

What is Pfeffernüsse?

Popular since the 1850s, pfeffernüsse , also called pepernoten in Dutch, is linked to the December 5th feast of Sinterklaas in The Netherlands, when children receive gifts from St. Nicholas. It is celebrated the following day in Germany and Belgium. The word means “pepper nuts,” mostly because the piquant cookies are not much bigger than nuts, though they do not always contain them.

In the 19th century (and sometimes even today), connoisseurs incorporated potash, or potassium carbonate, into the dough, as well as ammonium carbonate, which acted as leavening agents to achieve the right consistency. While there are some variations on the theme—including the addition of anise, molasses, honey, nuts, nutmeg, ground black pepper, cardamom, rum, candied fruit, and powdered sugar for dusting— typically flour, sugar, brown sugar, cloves, and cinnamon are the more conventional ingredients. The flavor reportedly deepens with the passage of time, so many bakers prepare batches of them at the outset of the holiday season, relishing them throughout the month of December.

Why not herald the holidays and treat your family to this sweet, spicy, crunchy delicacy with the recipe below? Who knows, pfeffernüsse could become a much-anticipated holiday tradition in your house too!

Traditional Pfeffernüsse

Yield about 45 balls


1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
1/2 teaspoon ground cloves
1/2 teaspoon ground nutmeg
1/4 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper
1/4 teaspoon ground ginger
1/4 teaspoon ground cardamom
1/4 teaspoon baking soda
1 1/4 cups white flour
1 1/4 cups whole wheat flour
2 large eggs
1 cup dark brown sugar, packed
1/3 cup walnuts, finely chopped
1/3 cup powdered sugar for rolling


Preheat oven to 375º F. Prep 2 cookie sheets by spraying with cooking spray or lining with parchment paper. In a medium bowl, stir together dry ingredients: cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg, black pepper, ginger, cardamom, baking soda, white flour, and wheat flour.

Using an electric mixer set on medium speed, beat together brown sugar and eggs until light and fluffy, about four minutes. Reduce the speed of the electric mixer to low. Gradually add the dry ingredients and beat until completely blended. Batter will be very dry and crumbly.

Slowly add in the chopped walnuts and beat until combined. Using damp hands, pinch off dough in tablespoon amounts; roll into 1-inch balls. Arrange balls 1 1/2 inches apart on prepared baking sheets.

Make sure your hands have water on them while rolling the balls – it will help to bind the dough together. Bake for 11 – 14 minutes, or until just starting to become golden.

Transfer sheets to a wire rack to cool, about 15-20 minutes. Working in batches, carefully roll cookies in powdered sugar until covered completely. Let cool completely on wire rack. Store in an airtight container.


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  • Kathy Kexel says:

    I had the world’s best Pfeffernusse this summer at Gabriele’s German Cookies & Chocolates in Ashland, Wisconsin. Her recipe was 200 years old and handed down through he family. No, she wouldn’t share it. But instead of rolling the Pfeffernusse in powdered sugar, she topped them with a glaze and sprinkled with a mix of sanding sugar and chili powder.

  • karin hart says:

    Can pecans be used instead of walnuts?

  • De kuehl says:

    What would you recommend in place of cardamom? I did notice that your recipe did not include Anise. Please comment. Thank you.

  • Mr Lou J Apa says:

    ATTENTION: Mr. Charles; You are asking about “sevil cookin stuff”, well just do a search with this phrase and find a lot of listings on sevil!
    Good luck……

  • kckoehn says:

    A very interesting article about “our” family tradition! We do have some variations: 1.) cinnamon and anise (seed, preferably, or oil) are the spices, and 2.) We refrigerate the dough, roll it into long “snakes” about an inch in diameter, freeze, and then slice off 3/8-inch slices to lay flat on a baking sheet for baking. They disappear fast!

  • Charles says:

    Beth, I don’t have the correct spelling but am looking for a recipe pronounced like “sevil (as in evil) cookin’ “. Its german or dutch or something close to that. Thanks

  • Jennifer says:

    I can’t wait to try this recipe today!

  • Carl V Pellonpaa says:

    For someone almost 85 years old, you provide poor examples of Directions to Follow!
    I won’t bother you again! Hei Hei

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