Farmers’ Almanac Planting Calendar

Gardening by the Moon, or more specifically, according to the phases of the Moon, is an idea that has been around for as long as humans have been growing their own food.

Here at the Farmers’ Almanac gardening by the Moon has always been our philosophy, and our print editions always include a Gardening by the Moon Calendar that uses phases and position of the Moon to predict the best times to perform specific gardening tasks.

Our readers have long sworn by this method of managing their gardens and crops.

But how could a chunk of rock more than 200,000 miles away affect how plants on Earth grow?

Those who swear by this ancient growing method say the water in both the ground and in plants are affected by the gravitational pull of the Sun and Moon, just like ocean tides are. Just as the tides are highest during the new and full phases of the Moon, this theory holds, seeds, too, will absorb the most water during these times.

Learn how Gardening by the Moon works – Tap here.

Farmers’ Almanac Planting by the Moon Calendar

The dates listed below are consistent across all growing zones. Please consider your regional weather and climate before following our suggestions. We recommend that you talk with your local greenhouse or agricultural extension office to discover optimal windows of time within which you may use the dates below.

Be sure to check out your average frost dates and learn more about your plant hardiness zone.

A glossary of our gardening terms is below the calendar. Let us know if you have any questions in the comments below.

Plan Your Best Garden!  Here’s one month of our Gardening by the Moon Calendar. Get the next 12 Months by Joining Our Farmhouse Now. Already a member? Sign in

June 2024
  • 17th – 18th
    Plant seedbeds. Extra good for planting fall lettuce, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, and other leafy vegetables. All aboveground crops planted now will do well.
  • 19th – 20th
    Poor planting days, cut hay or do general farm work.
  • 21st – 22nd
    Plant late beets, potatoes, onions, carrots, and other root crops.
  • 23rd – 25th
    Poor days for planting. Kill plant pests, spray, fertilize, do general farm work.
  • 26th – 27th
    Set strawberry plants. Excellent for any vine crops such as beans, peas, and cucumbers. Good days for transplanting. Favorable time for planting late root crops.
  • 28th – 29th
    Cut hay or do plowing on these barren days. Good harvest days.
  • 30th – 30th
    Good day for transplanting. Good day for planting root crops.
July 2024
  • 1st – 1st
    Good day for transplanting. Root crops that can be planted now will yield well.
  • 2nd – 3rd
    Poor days for planting, seeds tend to rot in ground. Good harvest days.
  • 4th – 5th
    Plant seedbeds and flower gardens. First day is a good day for transplanting. First day is also most fruitful day for planting root crops. Second day is most favorable for corn, cotton, okra, beans, peppers, eggplant, and other aboveground crops.
  • 6th – 10th
    A most barren period. Kill plant pests and do general farm work.
  • 11th – 13th
    Sow grains and forage crops. Plant flowers. Favorable for planting peas, beans, tomatoes, and other fall crops bearing aboveground.
  • 14th – 15th
    Start seedbeds. Extra good for fall cabbage, lettuce, cauliflower, mustard greens, and other leafy vegetables. Good for any aboveground crop that can be planted now.
  • 16th – 18th
    Barren days, neither plant nor sow.

Farmers’ Almanac Official Gardening Terms Cheat Sheet

Above ground crops: Crops that produce their yield above the soil (corn, peppers, squash, etc.)

Root Crops: Crops that produce their yield below the soil (potatoes, radishes, carrots, etc.)

: A bed of soil cultivated for planting seeds or seedlings before being transplanted.

: Young plants—especially ones that grow from seeds (rather than from a cutting).

Transplanting: To uproot and replant a growing plant or an already well-established plant.

The terms “Favorable,” “Good,” and “Best” are all considered beneficial days for planting. “Favorable” and  “Good” mean the same thing. However, “Best” is considered the optimal day for planting seeds.

Combat Garden Pests Naturally

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I move to the Caribbean and it will be my first year planting watermelon.
Any tips regarding the moon and others for best results!!

Jan Bircher

does tilling your garden by the moon keep weeds down


when to transplant an ordinary Lily into ground from a pot in JUNE 1014 ? Prague

ronald norris

when is the best day in may to plant tomatoes big nice plants in containers?


Good morning. I have a question in regards to planting blueberry bushes. Thd first couple of years we want to establish strong root growth while pinching off flowers. So although technically an above ground fruit bearing bush would it be planted as such or as one would plant below ground root plants? Have over 100 bare root that need planted this month (April) Thoughts?


Great question! Examples of a root crop would be potatoes (and other tubers), radish, carrots – plants that are harvested under the ground. A blueberry plant would be considered an aboveground crop, which is the timing I use to plant mine (100 – wow!!! I’m impressed my 2-3 year a year that I add!) Happy growing and best garden wishes!


I planted yellow crookneck squash, which have beautiful blooms and green plants, but for some reason they don’t get any size to them, before they start to turn a orange color as if they been on the plant to long. any suggestions what could i be doing wrong. I also planted in a different location last year same results. two years prior I had an abundance of squash

Farmers' Almanac

Hi Sandra, If the plant if forming a small fruit that doesn’t grow and just turns yellow or orange, that sounds like a pollination problem. Try hand pollinating the flowers with a small paint brush. Brush gently against the stamen of the male flower (male flowers have a long stalk to them) and then take that brush and wipe it gently across the stigma of the female flower (female flowers grow close to the center of the plant). In addition to that, plant more flowering herbs and pollinator-friendly flowers near your veggies to help build up a pollinator and beneficial insect army. Best wishes, and please let us know how it goes!


i am a little confused on why FA is suggesting planting some above ground crops march 24 – 26, this is the full moon and waning starts. i would think this good for root crops and transplanting but not for above.

Mary Alexander

Gardening by the moon will be different for planting zones. And seed starting will be different. Is there guidance for planting by the moon in 5b for example?


You will still want to follow the guidelines for your planting zone (did you know that the zones changed recently https://www.farmersalmanac.com/what-are-plant-hardiness-zones )? and then when you reach the timing set forth by the planting timeframe – choose a date from our Gardening by the Moon calendar that makes sense.


Hello, I’m wondering would the 26-27th of this month (February) be good days to plant flower seeds and tubers? Is that what it means when it says “plant flowers” ?


Do these dates apply to in ground, indoors seed starting or both?


Are Trees considered consider root crops or a vine type plant?

Kathleen (kat)

Hi: Can you tell me what “last date to Plant” means. Thanks.


Our calendar is broken up into 3 day parts, so that means that the last day of those three is the best day to plant.


are leeks considered root crops or above soil crops

Sandi Duncan

Hi, we would consider them root crops. Happy planting.


I just gifted myself this book for Christmas, and I am excited to learn more about gardening. Can I start anything in Illinois, I keep reading that April and March are the best times; January is for planning not planting – is that accurate?

Glen Inglesbirth

I have been using the Farmer’s Almanac for planting with success a while now and would like to help others accomplish their planting goals.


Hi, I am fairly new to gardening. Looking forward to learning more.

Sandi Duncan

Hi Lea, we have a lot tips and information on here but one of the best pieces of advice is to keep on trying! Sometimes what you do one season doesn’t always work the next season! But the reward is worth it!


I have some spring bulbs to plant and wanted to know when is the best time to plant them? I’m in NC and it think its zone 7 or 6 not sure which.


In general, try to plant when nightly temperatures are around 40 or 50 degrees, or about six weeks before you expect the ground to freeze. We recommend following our Planting Calendar for days that are positive for planting – especially root crops. My best advice is to reach out to a local greenhouse or your agricultural extension for details on your local climate that will ensure your success!

Mark Gardiner

How do I go back to previous months for the planting calendar?


We don’t have an online backlog of the Planting Calendar, however we do have it available in our Farmers’ Almanac. If you email me at [email protected] I would be happy to assist you with past dates.

Cheryl G

Is there a way to see last week’s calendar? It helps when I forget what I did AND forgot to journal it.

Terry Mabe

I’m wanting to sow some leaf lettuce and missed the day that was good for leafy vegetables and there’s not another day till the end of the month, will I have any luck going ahead and sowing seeds now?


I always recommend succession planting with lettuce (plant smaller amounts over a couple of weeks so that you have different harvest times), and with this concept you can plant now AND on the next Best Day for leafy vegetables. Happy Planting!

Cynthia VanSlogteren

I bought some tomato and pepper plants today and the next day good for transplanting is a week away. Is it important to get those plants in the ground right away or should I wait for the date on the “plant by the moon” calendar? The moon is waning so it is time to plant root crops now. TIA


My recommendation will depend on how much care you can offer your plants while you wait for the planting window. If you are able to assure they are somewhat sheltered from extremes in temperature, can get adequate sun, and watered well – than a week will not bother them. If that isn’t possible – it is better they go in the ground sooner than later. Happy Planting!


I want to plant some lettuce with my tomatoes will that work well??

Sandi Duncan

That should work well – here’s a great article that might help https://www.farmersalmanac.com/companion-planting-guide

Dana Toy

Where can I buy the 2023 gardening by the moon planting calendar?


Thank you for your interest! We don’t currently have them for sale, but with a Farmhouse Membership, at either level, you would have access to a year in advance on our Gardening by the Moon dates on the website.


I planted wildflower seeds may 4th and may 5th, but I can’t see if those were good days to sow seeds. Its saying may 6th-7th are not good days, so now I’m worried lol does anyone know if the 4th and the 5th were good days to sow seeds?


You are in luck! May 4-5th were listed as good days to plant seedbeds! Happy Growing!

Jamaye Despaigne

Can you transplant on no seed starting days? Are there specific times NOT to transplant?


The Garden by the Moon calendar will have separate dates for both. We do list days that are good for planting and barren days where it is not a good time to plant.


I want to plant onion plants, carrot seeds and radish seeds on Friday may 5th, should I wait for the May 8th & 9th for more favorable results?

Carol hoffman

Want to plant some potatoe that have sprouted do I leave sprouts on or tear them off?

Sandi Duncan

Hi Carol, here is a great article that may have some good advice for you – https://www.farmersalmanac.com/grow-your-own-potatoes-26953


Leave them. They are the roots. Cut the potato with a sprout on each piece and separately they will be a plant. I grew a food-safe bucket (purchased at Lowe’s) and put the chunks in the bottom, covered with soil, kept watered to the top of the chunks, waited ’til the leaves appeared, added another layer of soil and kept doing that ’til the growth was to the top of the bucket, kept it watered (you could have punched a few holes before beginning the process) and then waited to the maturity date or a little beyond, and then pulled one up. A lot of trouble for a crop that is so cheap to buy, but I can tell you the taste was far superior to spuds purchased in the grocery store. You can even grow these lined up around the garden where they won’t take up planting space. Good luck.


I have some strawberries that I ordered from Park seeds and I put them into two large containers. They said to keep them indoors and shaded for ten days and I have but they are really growing fast, I am in south west Michigan when will it be safe to transplant them outside.

Sandi Duncan

Debra, you really need to check when your last average frost date usually occurs. That is best, or keep an eye on the weather and protect them or bring them if if possible. Here is a link to the average frost dates we list – https://www.farmersalmanac.com/average-frost-dates

Rebecca Shealy

What type of half runners are”corn field” beans?

Patricia smith

How long does it take potatoes and carrots to grow

Andrew Dishong

Potatoes Plant April/May, Harvest July, Aug & 1st 1/2 Sept.
Carrots Plant Apr-Jun, Harvest Last 1/2 Jul – 1st 1/2 Dec

Walter Moody

Ian Walter I would like to know the best time to set out my collard greens. I live in cincinnati ohio.

Andrew Dishong

Plant last 1/2 Apr- 1/2 Aug

Mary J

Right away. Collards are very cold hardy but sensitive to heat. Start picking baby size around 2-3 weeks after planting. Plant collards again in late August -September. They can be wintered over.

Cathy church

I bought tulips in pots at lowes. They have already flowering. They won’t live in the small pots much longer. When is the best dates to transplant them. I live in southwest va.

Kristen VanDerburgh

Take the bulbs out of the pots and let them dry, laying flat on some newspaper or the like in a dry space. Bulbs go into the ground late September-early October

Ann bowdoin

What if any difference is there between the Henderson and Carolina sieva. My brother says daddy planted Henderson but back in the 70s I started a gardening and I got the sieva. I remember he told me. Then the sieva disappeared. Anywhere is there any dif d erence. Thank you for your response

Charlotte B

Hi Ann. Henderson is a bush bean although it can produce what is called a half runner. Carolina sieva is a pole bean. Both are good Lima bean plants. I prefer the pole bean because of how prolific they are. But they are hard to find. What few places are selling them are sold out. I have used the Henderson in place of them. Nice size and taste. Both produce what we call here in the South a butter bean. The bean is small. The only other pole Lima I can find is King of the Garden and they produce very large beans. So Henderson it is for my garden this year.


What does it mean to set strawberries


It is another name for Planting out your Strawberry Plants


A set is a already established root. It has matured somewhat and will come out and mature faster than a seed.

Erlean Marshall

When is the best time to plant tomatoes in Southwest la.


Tomatoes like warm soil and warm conditions. Mid March to April would be fine (depending on your growing zone and local climate of course). Your area might actually get too warm, so early spring, or even a late summer crop would be best unless you are planting a heat set plant. Good luck and please share your success!

Michael Guilder

I live in Lake Luzerne NY. Years of experience has proven to me our last frost date is June 1st. It is March 19 (2 days before spring) and we have 18″ of snow on the ground. Your planting calendar is telling me to plant squash on March 28-29 where climate permits. Your last frost date schedule shows early May as my last frost date. I can’t go by any of your dates because they are way off. Please update and make your planting schedule accurate for upstate NY. I am a member and extremely disappointed. Your schedule planting dates for upstate NY are more consistent with Maryland or Delaware.


Thank you for your feedback. Our planting by the moon is always going to be individual to your climate as it is based on the phases of the Moon and its position in the zodiac. These planting dates will repeat each month and are not specific to local areas. As for our frost dates, it is difficult to include all areas of a State, but we do try our best to pick areas that are distributed through a State. We have recently updated our frost dates to reflect NOAA’s most recent National Climatic Data Center information for a 30% chance of weather below 32degrees.


Best time to start planting tomatoes and herbs I live in the southeast


When is the best time in central KY to move and transplant tame blackberries?

Roger Winstead

I’d love to see just the planting dates in a downloadable format for ICalendar. I currently copy and paste as “All Day Events” over a series of days (10th-12th) with no notifications. When I look at future dates, I can see planting days and plan my other schedules around them. If I forget to copy and paste, I come here to look. I’ve never tried to do the whole year at a time even though I bought a subscription to do that. Thanks


Thank you for this suggestion – I will make sure this is shared with the team! We appreciate you taking the time to share!


I’m a newbie and it shows. I planted too late last year and too early it seems this year. I did the three sisters method and I have my corn, sunflowers, beans, and melons in seed beds but they’re either dying due to disease, overgrowth or the cat T_T.
My lettuce is doing great though as are my strawberries.
Wish I knew about this site before I began trying to garden.
Quick question though, am I trying to save my plants right? The weather forcast is calling for more frost out of no where (We had 80 degree temps last week and now we’re almost snowing again near Nashville TN!) All my container beds are indoors, I’ve put a blanket over my lettuce and strawberries at night but I’m worried about my potatoes, they have straw and leaves over top of them, will that be enough? I can’t lug 10 potato pots inside!

Last edited 1 year ago by Jen

We are so happy you found us! This site has helped me many, many times in my gardening adventures. Sorry to hear that this year is starting off rough for you, trust me though, all gardeners go through a learning stage – you’ll figure it out. The potato situation has me a little stumped as I usually put them out too late (see, we all struggle with this!) so frost isn’t my usual issue. I would group them as close together as possible, the straw and leaves should definitely help – but you could cover tham at night as well to add another layer of protection. Good luck and we’re here for you!


Hi Jen,
I too am originally from TN! About 45 miles SW of Knoxville. I grew up in Cumberland County and my Mamaw and Papaw gardened by the Almanac. Get your information from the Almanac along with an “old time” gardener. Good luck and never give up.!! Oh, I think your potatos will be fine

Last edited 1 year ago by Libbie
Deloris Seay

When is the best days to plant okra in South Alabama to get a high stalk yield

Sandi Duncan

Hi Deloris, you should pay attention to last frost dates in your area as that is best if you plan on sowing it directly outside. If you are looking at the average frost date, then you can use the aboveground crop dates listed here. Good luck!


Hi there! Does your almanac contain the planting calender for moon phase and zodiac? Thanks!!

Martha Newman

Does the moon calendar apply to repotting? For instance, can I repot on barren days?

Sandi Duncan

Martha, repotting usually falls under transplant so if you truly want to Garden by the Mon, we’d suggest you wait.

cynthia wesley

I am a new gardner and my zones says 5b and 6s i want to plant cabbage, collards (i wish i could find collard trees, potatoes, herbs like basil, rosemary and parsley, string beans and tomatoes. And maybe watermelon. It all seems so scary but i’m going to do my best with everyones help!


collards are started from seed and are a cool weather crop, as are cabbages. You may have to cover if you have a late freeze. I was raised in Central IL and my grandfather always planted potatoes on Good Friday. Your other items are all warm weather and shouldn’t be planted until after your last frost. Rosemary will be an annual in your zone. buy a plant, enjoy it and let it go for the winter. You can bring them in, but it is a fussy plant and needs good drainage and lots of sunshine. Buy starter plants for everything you mentioned except string beans and watermelon. They are easy to start from seed. The herbs you mentioned are all warm weather annuals.


Hey, I’ve been planting by your calendar for a long time now, I was under the impression that you have been planting by the moon this whole time, so you have not been I guess. And I don’t see on this calendar that you don’t plant before Easter?


Here on Long Island we haven’t had much of what we would consider winter weather. Any thoughts on what this means as far as insect pressure for the upcoming growing season?


What does first day and last day fefer to when planting


if it says 28th thru the 30th, then first day means the 28th and last day means the 30th

Robert Phoenix

It looks like SPring is coming early to Southcentral Pennsylvania, the trees are starting to bud! But I know that mid-March and April are our worst weather times so hopefully the plants that are already popping up will be ok. Our lillies are coming up along with the daffodils and even some hostas are poking out!!!

Lamar Shahbazian

I have a question that might be dumb but I am starting to use my “garden by the moon” calendar and I wondered if it only applies to seeds planted inground or if it also applies to those planted in flats and pots?

Ruthie Schmidt

Also applies to flats and pots

Martha Newman

Thank you.

Last edited 1 year ago by Martha Newman


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