Planting Calendar from the Farmers’ Almanac

Welcome to the Farmers’ Almanac Planting Calendar, also known as Gardening by the Moon! This planting calendar helps you pick the best dates for popular garden tasks—starting seeds, pruning shrubs, harvesting, weeding, and much more—according to our 200-year-old formula that relies on phases and position of the Moon. Our readers swear they “won’t plant without it.”

The dates listed below are consistent across all growing zones. This means you must consider your weather and climate before following our suggestions. For best results, talk with your local greenhouse or agricultural extension office for the optimal window of time within which to use these dates.

Happy gardening!

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January 2021
  • 25th – 26th
    Plant seedbeds and flower gardens. Best planting days for aboveground crops, especially peas, beans, cucumbers, and squash where climate is suitable.
  • 27th – 31st
    A barren time. Best for killing weeds, briars, poison ivy, and other plant pests. Clear wood lots and fencerows.
February 2021
  • 1st – 2nd
    Fine for sowing grains, hay, and forage crops. Plant flowers. Favorable days for planting root crops.
  • 3rd – 4th
    Start seedbeds. Good days for transplanting. Plant carrots, turnips, onions, beets, Irish potatoes, and other root crops in the South. Lettuce and other leafy vegetables will do well.
  • 5th – 6th
    Poor planting days.
  • 7th – 8th
    Any root crops that can be planted now will do well.
  • 9th – 11th
    Barren days. Fine for clearing, plowing, fertilizing, and killing plant pests.
  • 12th – 13th
    Extra good for cucumbers, peas, cantaloupes, and other vine crops. Set strawberry plants. Plant peppers, sweet corn, tomatoes, and other aboveground crops in southern Florida, California, and Texas.
  • 14th – 15th
    Seeds planted now will grow poorly and yield little.
  • 16th – 18th
    Fine for planting beans, peppers, cucumbers, melons, and other aboveground crops where climate is suitable.
  • 19th – 20th
    Any seed planted now will tend to rot.
  • 21st – 23rd
    Plant seedbeds and flower gardens. Fine for planting beans, tomatoes, corn, cotton, cucumbers, peppers, melons, and other aboveground crops where climate allow