How many herbs give you two great flavors in one plant? Cilantro, Coriandrum sativum, known for its strong, fresh flavor, comes from the leaves of the cilantro plant. It has a variety of great uses, particularly as a flavoring in Mexican food, but also as an ingredient in salads, salsas, and other dishes. Coriander comes from the seeds of the cilantro plant. It has a bright, strong flavor (but not as strong as cilantro) that hints at citrus and curry. Ground coriander is often paired with cumin in Mexican and Latin American dishes, and it’s an essential flavor in Indian cuisine – particularly curries.
Tips For Growing Cilantro and Coriander
Cilantro is an annual herb that grows between 12 and 36 inches in height. Because this plant tends to grow tall rather than spreading out, it rarely exceeds six to eight inches in width, which makes it a great filler plant in an herb bed or perennial garden.
- Cilantro prefers full sun, low humidity and fertile, well-drained soil.
- Sow the seeds in rows, small squares or pots. Space them an inch apart, and cover them with 1/4 to 1/2 an inch of soil. As the plants grow, thin the seedlings so that they’re six to 8 inches apart. If you’re growing cilantro for coriander, thin the plants a little more – give them at least 10 to 18 inches between plants so that they have plenty of space when the flowers and seed heads to develop.
- Cilantro is a cool season plant, which means that you should plant it in the spring or fall if you’d like to harvest lots of leaves. If you grow cilantro over the summer, you can still expect to harvest a few leaves, but leaf production slows down as the plants flower (known as bolting) and produce seeds. If you plant cilantro during the hottest part of the summer, you can expect it to produce coriander in as little as four to six weeks.
If you’re planting your coriander/cilantro in containers, you can move the container around to get the maximum lighting.
Harvesting Cilantro and Coriander
Cilantro: To harvest cilantro, use a pair of sharp, clean scissors to cut the stems an inch or two above the soil. You can also simply pluck the leaves as you need them in your recipes—new leaves will grow back, although they may grow more slowly during hotter weather.
Coriander is even easier to harvest. You can pick the seed heads once the seeds are fully developed but still green, or you can wait for the seed heads to turn brown. Either way, once you cut them, place them in a paper bag for a week or two to dry. Once dry, shake the seed heads over a bowl until the seeds fall off. Place the coriander in an airtight container and store it in a cool, dry place.
Can I Plant The Coriander Seeds Right From My Spice Rack?
The short answer is no. Seeds intended for culinary purposes have been dehydrated to prevent spoilage and likely won’t germinate. Buy coriander seeds that are meant for sowing purposes, and follow the packet directions.
Which Cultivars are Best?
There are many great cilantro varieties to try, including Costa Rica, Lemon, Delfino and Moroccan. Each of these cultivars will produce an abundance of leaves and seeds. Commercial growers tend to prefer Santos, Long Standing, Slo Bolt, and Leisure because these varieties are some of the best leaf producers, both in quantity and quality. Any cultivar will produce lots of coriander, but if you’re more interested in growing specifically for the cilantro, try Long Standing, Slo Bolt, or Leisure. These varieties take the longest to flower, which means you’ll have more time to harvest cilantro before the plants bolt.
Grow cilantro for the leaves, grow it for the seed, or do a little of both. This easy-to-grow plant not only looks nice in an herb bed or planter, but it also gives you many delicious possibilities!