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The History Of Jan Hagels, The Traditional Dutch Christmas Cookies

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The History Of Jan Hagels, The Traditional Dutch Christmas Cookies

Jan Hagel cookies (or Jan Hagel koekjes, as the Dutch call them) are one of those delicious recipes that are passed down from generation to generation. We’ve heard from many of our readers of Dutch descent who tell us these cookies were a Christmas tradition baked by their Oma (grandmother), and they look forward to enjoying them every holiday.

After doing some more digging, we found that Jan Hagels are the near-perfect cookie: a mix of buttery and flaky delicate shortbread crust coupled with crunchy nuts — traditionally either walnuts or almonds — and crystallized sugar. After you try this recipe, they may just become a part of your holiday traditions as well!

What’s in a Name?
While Jan Hagel was not an actual person, the moniker tells quite a story in and of itself. In Dutch, “jan hagel” or “janhagel” (pronounced “Yahn Hahgel”) means “unruly mob,” “ragtag,” or “swarm.” It’s a fitting name for a cookie made with a hodgepodge of nuts, and many theorize that the cookie takes its name from the sort or people who enjoyed them most. After all, in 17th-century Holland, “janhagel” was a slang term for sailors, common people, riffraff and people on the fringes of society.

“Jan Hagel” can also be translated as “Johnny Hail,” which some believe to be a reference to the large crystals of rock sugar used to coat these cookies. Other names include “Hollanders,” “Dutch hail cookies” and “sugar hail cookies.”

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Origins of the Jan Hagel
Who made the first Jan Hagel cookies? No one is quite sure who first made them or when, but we do know that these cookies date back to at least the 17th Century. The Dutch book, Winterfeesten en Gebak: Mythen, Folklore en Tradities (Winter Festivals and Pastries: Myths, Folklore and Tradition) says that these cookies may actually have originated in France.

One version says the cookies were brought to Antwerp, Belgium, in the 19th Century by a French family; another claims that Jan Hagels made the transition from France to Holland during the time of Napoleon (the late 1700s and early 1800s). A French soldier stationed in Holland is said to have passed the recipe on to a Dutch baker. The problem with both of those stories, however, is that there are other mentions of Jan Hagel cookies that predate both the 19th Century and the early Napoleonic era.

The Jan Hagel Legend
There is one tale that old-timers from Holland love to tell about these cookies. According to legend, Jan Hagels are the cookies that angels serve to people when they reach St. Peter’s Gate in heaven. Different versions of the story say that these cookies are served to children or orphans as they enter Heaven, but whichever version you believe, it’s a beautiful story that fits these heavenly cookies perfectly.

A Seasonal Tradition
Though most people recognize Jan Hagel cookies as a Christmas tradition, in reality, the Dutch serve these cookies throughout the season. In fact, they’re one of the traditional desserts served for the Feast of St. Nicholas and its eve, which fall on December 5 and 6 each year. Because this holiday is so close to Christmas, the tradition of serving Jan Hagel cookies extends throughout the season.

This year, make Jan Hagel cookies a part of your ow family traditions with this classic recipe.

Jan Hagels

1 cup butter softened
1 cup sugar
1 egg, separated
2 cups all-purpose flour
1/2 teaspoon cinnamon
1 Tablespoon water
1/2 cup finely chopped walnuts (sliced almonds can also be used)
Crystallized sugar (kandij) (optional)

Heat oven to 350º F. Lightly grease a 15 1/2″ by 10 1/2″ by 1″ pan. Mix butter, sugar and egg yolk. Stir in flour and cinnamn. Pat into pan. Place plastic wrap or wax paper over the dough and use a small rolling pin to roll out dough evenly in pan. Beat egg white and water til frothy, brush over dough, sprinkle with nuts and crystallized sugar. Bake 20-25 minutes, until very lightly browned. Cut immediately into finger like strips. Allow to cool and crisp up.

Photo used with permission by

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1 Brent Bielema { 12.25.15 at 11:50 pm }

It’s amazing — my mom was looking for some kind of almond cookies this year and I bet these would be ideal. Thanks for sharing this and definitely try substituting a different flour to make it healthier. I used to get some dandy Dutch kanos cookies which were actually made with Lima beans! Merry Christmas everybody!!

2 Hans van Ekelenburg { 12.24.15 at 10:27 am }

Here in Holland we can buy “Jan Hagel” all the year. Not only this part of the year.

3 Sharon Williamson { 12.23.15 at 1:52 pm }

I used to be able to buy these when I lived in Florida. Have not been able to find them wher we live now. Thank you for the recipe. Can’t wait to make them.

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