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20 Wild Edible Plants

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20 Wild Edible Plants

Here’s a list of the 20 most common wild edible plants in North America, according to Jeannine Tidwell, from Twin Eagles Wilderness School in Idaho:

20 Wild Edible Plants

Wild Onion
Allium bisceptrum (flowering)


Common Burdock
Arctium minus


Common Milkweed
Asclepias syriaca

Common Milkweed should be cooked before consuming. See how to prepare common milkweed here. 

Common Dandelion
Taraxacum officinale

 Farmers’ Almanac has lots of dandy dandelion recipes here!

Chenopodium album


Rubus spp.


Currants and Gooseberries
Ribes spp.

Wild currants (Ribes spp.)

Wild Gooseberries

Tips on foraging for wild gooseberries.

Blueberries and Cranberries
Vaccinium spp.

Wild blueberries

Wild cranberries

Sheep Sorrel
Rumex acetosella

Stellaria media

Read more about chickweed here.

Red Clover
Trifolium pretense


Garlic Mustard
Alliaria petiolata


Miner’s Lettuce
Claytonia perfoliata


Common Plantain
Plantago major


Stinging Nettle
Urtica dioica


Common Cattail
Typha latifolia


Wild Ginger
Asarum caudatum


Wild Strawberry
Fragaria virginiana


American Elderberry
Sambucus Canadensis


Wild Rose
Rosa sp.

To see more from Jeannine Tidwell on how to properly forage and gather the above plants, please visit her website here.

IMPORTANT NOTE: The Farmers’ Almanac wants you to take every precaution before eating edible wild plants. Before you eat anything in the wild, it’s wise to get a qualified instructor to show you the plants. Be aware that you may be allergic to a plant that someone else can eat without harm. Be sure that any plants that you gather have not been sprayed with pesticides or herbicides.

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1 Susan Higgins { 10.26.18 at 9:37 pm }

Hi Lois, common milkweed should be cooked before consuming. We have added this information to the post.

2 Lois Scott { 10.26.18 at 1:57 pm }

I find it interesting that Milkweed is shown as in animals (cows and horses) the plant will kill the animal.

3 Christine Lux { 10.26.18 at 10:41 am }

In this list, is it just the berries or flower that are edible, or the leaves, too, or in some cases, just the leaves or the flower or berry?

4 Susan Higgins { 10.26.18 at 10:31 am }

Hi Linda, the reason you don’t see fiddleheads on this list is that fiddleheads really can’t be eaten raw. They have to be cooked to be eaten otherwise they are toxic. Raw fiddleheads won’t kill you but “Eating raw or undercooked fiddleheads can cause diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps and headaches.” Our list is about weeds you can eat in the wild (as is, in the event you have a survival need).

5 Linda { 10.26.18 at 10:05 am }

I’m surprised I don’t see fiddle heads on this list.

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