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What Did People Do Before Air Conditioning?

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What Did People Do Before Air Conditioning?

Our parents and grandparents had to get creative when it came to keeping cool. While air conditioning has been around since 1902, its technology remained too expensive and bulky for most folks to have in their homes. In fact, only 10% of U.S. homes had air conditioning installed as late as the 1960s! So what did folks do before air conditioning was available?

8 Things People Did To Stay Cool

People relied on ingenuities like these to carry them through the Dog Days and Indian summers:

  1. Took day trips to nearby mountain towns to enjoy a bit of “cool mountain air.”
  2. Kept windows and doors shut at midday to keep hot air out.
  3. Delayed cooking, baking, and kitchen chores until the cooler evening hours.
  4. Cracked windows at bedtime to let in cool nighttime air.
  5. Blew fans across blocks of ice.
  6. Took a dip in a swimming hole.
  7. Ran through sprinklers or opened fire hydrants.
  8. Ate cool and refreshing treats (ice cream, watermelon, ice-cold lemonade, or tea).

Simpler, Cooler Times?

Another thing that helped keep our parents and grandparents cool was the weather itself. The graph below shows temperature anomalies, or changes, for the summer months of June–August from 1917 to 2016. It depicts how much colder (dark blue) or warmer (dark red) a year’s summer was than what we think of as “normal” for today, based on the 20th-century average.

(Continued Below)

One thing is clear: the extraordinarily hot summers that are commonplace today were virtually unheard of 50 to 100 ago. In fact, 7 of the top 10 coolest U.S. summers on record occurred between 1900 and 1950, further proof that cooler summers were a trend in our grandparents’ time.

Like what you read? Be sure to check out the full story, How Did We Ever Live Without Air Conditioning? Pages 72-74 of the 2019 Farmers’ Almanac.

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8 comments

1 Frank hannon { 08.29.18 at 10:09 am }

If you look at older homes you will very frequently see screen porches and porches on the second story. People slept outside on hot nights in the olden days.(if they could) They even called them sleeping porches. And in the city , you had fire escapes and flat roofs. People would sleep out there too.

2 Marie Croft-Cavins { 08.29.18 at 8:52 am }

Growing up in Florida without air conditioning in the 50’s and 60’s wasn’t too bad. We had an attic fan and windows open at night. Most nights were fine but the main thing that gave us trouble was the humidity!! We had to constantly fight the moisture and mildew. Also, with windows open, had lots of dust in the house.

3 Susan Higgins { 08.29.18 at 3:28 pm }

Diane, perfect! We’ve had to “shut the house down” too, as taught by my grandma. They certainly knew all the tricks!

4 Diane Baldwin { 08.29.18 at 7:52 am }

In late 70′ s. My parents had a whole house window fan in one side of the house and opened windows on other side and used the fan on exhaust and pulled air in the evenings thru. Kept windows and blinds shut all thru the day. Get house as cool as possible at night then close it up. Worked for me too after getting married and living in an apartment.
Eastern wv

5 Susan Higgins { 08.29.18 at 3:28 pm }

Thanks, Jay! We’re glad you enjoyed it!

6 Jay Poole { 08.29.18 at 7:32 am }

I have always wondered how our ancestors dealt with very hot summer days. Thanks for this article!

7 Susan Higgins { 08.29.18 at 3:30 pm }

Good point, Anne, thanks for sharing!

8 Anne { 08.28.18 at 4:32 pm }

One thing that I see that few people seem to remember was that we used to have longer windows, even in our schools. We would use convection currents. You could drop the top window down a bit and open the bottom a bit, then let physics takes it course. Warm air rises, cool air sinks. With the windows open this way, you could almost always get a bit of a breeze.

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