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Water Witching: Fact or Fake?

Locating water underground using a stick? Is it pseudoscience or the real deal? Find out!

Some call it “the gift.” Others refer to it as “dowsing,” “doodlebugging,” or “water witching”—the practice of locating water underground using a forked stick. Sounds simple, but does it work?

The History of Dowsing

According to the American Society of Dowsers, divining the location of water dates back many millennia. In the Tassili Caves of northern Africa, an 8,000-year-old cave painting depicts a man holding a forked stick, apparently using it to search for water. In fact, historical images that appear to represent dowsing appear all over the world—in the temples of Egyptian pharaohs, in ancient Chinese etchings and more.

Although most would say that dowsing is nothing more than a myth, there are quite a few people today who believe in this practice. In fact, when California was in the middle of their worst drought, they turned to local dowsers to uncover hidden sources of water. And, despite the skepticism, there are even a few scientists who think there’s more here than meets the eye.

What Tool is Used?

While the majority of dowsers search for water, some practitioners use this technique to find all sorts of things: gold, bombs, or even the missing remote control to the TV. Dowsing tools include a variety of things, such as pendulums, car keys, wire rods, coat hangers and pliers.

The most popular dowsing tool, however, is the dowsing rod. It’s a simple tool – nothing more than a forked branch cut from a live tree. You can use virtually any kind of tree, but Y-shaped sticks from willows, witch hazel, and various fruit and nut trees seem to be the most popular.

How to Dowse for Water

If you’d like to try dowsing for yourself, it’s really quite simple. Cut a Y-shaped stick from a tree, making sure that all three sections of the Y are between 12 and 16 inches long. Your dowsing rod should also be relatively flat—no branches sticking out in odd directions.

Grab both ends of the Y in an underhanded grasp (so that the heels of your hands are facing towards the sky, as shown in the photo), and hold the dowsing rod horizontally so that it points in front of you. Keep your grasp somewhat loose and slowly walk around searching for water. Some say that it helps if you concentrate on finding water as you walk. As you approach a water source, you should feel your dowsing rod start to bend towards the ground. This is the tricky part; many experienced dowsers say that as you zero in on the water source, the dowsing rod will bend towards the earth quite sharply, which means you’ll need to tighten your grasp on the rod so that you don’t drop it.

Is Dowsing Real?

Most experts—other than dowsing experts, that is—classify this art to the realm of pseudoscience. Over the last century, several studies have shown that the average dowser is no better at predicting the location of water than anyone else.

However, there is one study, conducted by the German government in the 1990s, that perplexed the scientific community. During this study’s 10-year research period, researchers paired up experienced geologists and dowsers, sending them to dry regions like Sri Lanka, Kenya, and Yemen. Scientists were surprised to find that many of the dowsers were spot-on. In Sri Lanka alone, drill teams drilled 691 wells under the supervision of dowsers and found water 96% of the time.

Now, skeptics would argue that the reason for this is simple: No matter where you drill, as long as you’re willing to drill deep enough, you’re bound to find water eventually. However, in this particular study, the dowsers were also asked to tell their drill teams at what depth they’d find the water and how much water they would find. The study’s findings showed that the dowsers’ predictions concerning depth and volume were accurate to within 10% to 20%.

No one knows why dowsing works—or if, indeed, it does work. Some researchers believe that humans can detect the presence of water by some trace amount of energy that it releases. Others believe that the talent is all in the dowsing rod. Still more say that this art is nothing more than a clever hoax.

Fortunately, no matter where you stand on the dowsing debate, this is one bit of ancient wisdom that you can easily put to the test!

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Amber Kanuckel

Amber Kanuckel is a freelance writer from rural Ohio who loves all things outdoors. She specializes in home, garden, environmental, and green living topics.

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It works. Seen my grandfather do it hundreds of times. Could tell how deep to dig and how many gallons you’d get a minute. He was right every time. Used a forked peach tree sprout. People that have never seen it or watched closely think the dowser is turning the stick down intentionally. But the tip of the stick bends first. You can really see it if the pointer part is about a foot long. It’ll start to bend down when you’re getting near the spot, and if you back up, it’ll straighten back up. Reminds me of someone bending their finger. It’s very strange looking.
Don’t know anyone who ever used it for bombs, gold etc, but seen it work for water. Can’t explain it, and I don’t care if anyone believes me, but I know what I’ve experienced.

Last edited 1 month ago by Will
Scott s

This doesnt work. But its harmless and fun, right? So theres no problems writing stories on it, right Amber? ,,[ I tried to post a picture here of the ADR 651, which is a dowsing rod with a handle] Well, look at the picture i posted. This is the ADE 651. It was sold as a explosive agent detector and sold to several mideastern countries at $60,000 US. a piece. They were used at border checkpoints. After all, since dowsing rods can find water, surely they can detect explosives in a car, right? Several thousand people, men, women, children, have died as a direct result of this device. Of course it doesnt work. And to all the fools posting on here that say oh, it works for me! You have blood on your hands. Lies have consequences, people. Shame.

Last edited 1 month ago by Scott s
Scott Bell

I am an engineer so did not understand how this works but grew up on farm and often had to dig 6ft down to find filed tiles. Water witching saved me days of work with shovel.

Also taught somebbiy scouts how to do it. 100% of wolf cubs could do it after 30minutes training. How 1) get rod – I used coat hanger cut and bent into l shape.
2) put garden hose or electical extension cord on ground. Turn off water or electricity to start
3) have kids walk with rod in each hand over hose/cord starting about 6 feet back from it. Leave water/electricity off and nothing happens.
4) turn water or electricity on and repeat. Rods will turn in their hands. So definately something to do with natural magnetic or other waves that rods are picking up. If I can teach 9 yr old to do it anyone can do it following this simple technique.

You need lots of experience to no how far below surface but simple training exercise makes believers out of doubters.

Pat Sullivan

An old logger showed me how to find water on a parcel of land I purchased from him — on condition that I first locate at least two running streams under ground. He demonstrated with a single branch held loosely in one hand. He was a local legend as a water witcher who succeeded in finding water when drillers failed.

I believed I could do it because I believed in him. I also knew that the Soviet Army travelled with just 2 days fresh water supply, but several battalions of dowsers.

I was stunned by my first success when the stick pointed straight down and pulled my hand with it. I found two more spots and rushed to tell him. He said he knew of those locations and there were others on my land. Then he showed me how to determine depth to drill.

Later I told a highly skeptic friend who insisted I show him. We drove to my land that weekend and I set him on the same path I had taken, then stood back and watched. As he approached the spot, he registered a look of total shock and surprise as the stick led his hand straight down.

Subsequently I’ve located running water multiple times. Thank you, Clarence Inman of Bonny Doon 🙂


I am a very conservative person. Definitely right of center. Can’t even understand why anyone would vote Democrat. So I am completely baffled as to why I can witch water. Been doing a lot of reading on the subject and the only thing I can say to the non believers it’s not a hoax or that miniscule muscle is causing the stick to move. If this true please explain why I have had the bark peel off in my hands trying to stop the movement! I am going to talk to a doctor and see if there is some way to monitor my blood pressure and pulse rate when I do this the next time. Might be something to that theory.


We had two witchers as neighbors, saw them many times work their ‘magic’ and never saw them miss – they did it free for farmers drilling wells for livestock. One had me hold his stick, fresh off the tree with bark on it, and had me try to locate areas to no avail. But then he put his hand on mine, told me to hold the stick as tight as I could, blindfolded me and led me around. Whenever he went over an area that he had already tested having water the stick would forceably turn down, peeling bark off the stick in my hand and even making marks in my skin. I was a strong farm boy, and I held that stick tight. Tried it again alone and it wouldn’t work. Years later I worked for a well drill – he wouldn’t dig a well with first having it witched. He had one customer convince him to dig without doing so. No water after 4-5 days of drilling. My boss called in a local witcher and within minutes stated we were a little over 20′ from the site – moved the rig drilled down around 30′ as witcher stated and hit a great vein. Worked every time. My boss blindfolded a witcher, put him in a pickup and drove him around the city – he correctly predicted every water pipe under the streets as they drove over them. It works.


I used to live on the eastern side of WA state, and when I was 13ish my mother bought some property near my grandparents. They showed me how to do it with a willow branch when they were getting ready to drill a well. I must have done it 50+ times trying to figure out what the trick was… there was an undeniable pull on the branch when I would walk over certain parts of the property. I’m not the type that believes in the super natural… but I have no idea why/how that works, yet it does. I never had any trouble getting it to work by myself… just picked up the Y shaped branch, held the 2 short ends tight like you described, and walked.

John Benscoter

I am a Practicing Water-witch with over 30 years of Hands on Experience in NE Pa. I worked for the USDA-NRCS for over 28 years. I am now retired but I still work 2 to 3 days a week Water-witching for clients. I find lost Septic Tanks and Septic Drain Fields, Leaking Pond Dams, Spring Water for Cattle watering Systems and wet Spring produced wet areas in Lawns and Cropfields. I have produced a 4 Page Water witching Facts from my knowledge of the topic. I use a wire bent at a 90 degree angle. I am a 4th Generation Water-witch.


I’d love to read your work!

David Mundia

Am David Mundia from Kenya I have been dowsing for water from 1999.I have done it for local farmers numerous times and never missed to locate water . I wish to have contacts of dowsers abroad.

Cheri Lundstrom

The local Purdue farm uses dowsing rods to locate broken drain lines in the fields. For those outside Indiana, Purdue University produces engineers and top notch farmers.

Also one of the local water companies uses dowsing rods to locate leaking water pipes. I personally use a dowser to decide where to put plants. It has drastically reduced the number of landscape losses. For me.

Mark Dresser

Witched my first well in my teens. Twisted the willow branch until it snapped. That well was 50 gpm at 100 foot depth. Second well a mille away on a different piece of strata was less stron and pulled 30 gpm at 150 foot depth. Both wells support a small community. I witched my well on my 40 place in the mountains. It was not as strong but felt good for a home supply. The twist started to take the bark off my willow branch but did not break it like the ones in my teens. The well hit at 75 foot dept at 6 GPM. I put a 1500 gallon surface tank and a pressure tank. Serviced 4 inside taps, dishwasher and laundry as well as yard irrigation without ever running low.

BW Doyle

Just had a new well drilled today. It is 65 feet deep, just at bedrock. The newest type of drilling rig was used, and the actual drilling time was 3 hours. Yesterday the young driller cut a y shaped limb from one of our fruit trees, and used that to witch the drill site. He also located the geothermal lines that were near the drill site. He does this every day he works and with 100% accuracy. Just amazing to this this in action.

Dawn M Rassel

I have a place in Pigeon Mi. Our current well is very high in sodium. Going to try another well drill very soon. just bought some rods for dousing. I hope I get great results. I need help. Any advise? Watched a bunch of how to videos. I think I can do this.

Brian Carver

It works! I had coffee from the well my 100% Cherokee grandmother found in 1962. Although she passed away in 1989..I’ve grown up on this well as I’ve lived here since and its where I grew up…knock on wood, I hope it holds up for the rest of my life! Thanks

Cindi Wirick

Hello Brian, Do you know how I would go about finding a Dowser in my area?

Susan McNeill Spuhler

Where do you live? I can get you in touch with dowsers.

Joann Kelley

I would love to find a dowser who can find my water line location, which is essential before permit can be given on the replacement of my failing septic system. I live in Western N.C.—Haywood Co. My address is Clyde, which is between Waynesville and Asheville .

Val C.

I am looking for a dowser in Middle TN. I’m located in the Fayetteville, TN area. I have drilled 2 dry wells now and would like to hire a dowser but I can’t find anyone in the area by word of mouth or internet search. Thank you very much


Good Morning. Would you know of any dowsers in the middle TN area? Thank you


So, the claim here is all the studies that show dowsing DOESN’T work are somehow disproved by one study that implied it may (an implication that has other explanations, such as the ability to interpret the terrain). Enough with the “energies” and superstitions and “but it worked for me” anecdotes. Data from controlled studies is proof this is nothing more than stuff and nonsense.


“Dowsing” for water is 100% BS. I had two local gurus, both claimed they were great dowsers, come out and dowse the same area. They both “found” water in different places. Two attempts to drill, both dry holes. Not a drop. Wasted $14,000 on these dry holes. I told them to throw their dowsing rods away.
Next time I try for water I am using science, geology, not BS.


Of you use “geology and science” they will not guarantee anything either. they will simply that there is no right nor wrong place, just drill anyplace and you either hit or miss. That’s a big gamble. Better to pay a dowser so you at least haves reasonably decent place to try. Nothing to lose for $200-$400

Bert Clayton

You didn’t tell him that there’s always charlatans that impersonate the real thing. Nothing to be ashamed of, but it’s better to ask around and find credible folks if possible.


There is no “debate”. I can do this with a dogwood stick and never asked for the ability. People who don’t “believe” in it sounds just as ignorant as not believing that the fungal network plays a massive role in natural forest health. They are simply uneducated on the matter. Much like with Christ, many things can’t be explained by the community of so-called scientists. Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence, however in quantum physics we DO know that what we can sense with our 5 basic senses, can only perceive about 5% of reality, while the 95% is “super-natural” or beyond the 5 senses. Water well witching with wood fits into this 95%, just like angels, demons, or the rest of reality that you can’t see.


I just tried it over a running faucet of water, pinpoint straight with perfect 90 degree bends just like every video show online. Not a single budge in indicating water.


It doesn’t work on a tap. It has to be underground. It’s the disruption in the earth that does it. Go try your rods on your house power line or gas line. It DOES work.

David Wilson

My grandfather taught me in the 1966 that the Y stick needed to come from a fruit tree.

Dylan Eaglestone

What materials are best used to make a diving too like the one in the picture above?
With the copper piece at the end


I did it as a child and it absolutely works. I don’t know why this is still discussed. I didn’t know what I was doing and no one told me anything, I just held two bent coat hangers loosely as instructed by my father who was skeptical (and had heard the advice from a friend and thought it was a put-on), I walked across the yard and when I passed the pipe, they crossed. As I walked passed the pipe, they kept crossing. When I backed up, they crossed in reverse. It can and does work. My father took a shovel, and dug straight down at the point where the rods pointed at each other, hit the pipe, busted it open and fixed the issue with our main. There was no way to fake this experiment. He was floored, and I had no idea what was going on. There was no way to fake that. Our back yard was our an acre and our front was probably around a quarter. There’s just not that much luck to be found. It was dead on and worked backwards and forwards. It is not easy for adults to do, apparently, because they tense up. This is widely known.

Susan Higgins

Hi fejneerg, thanks for sharing your info!

Veronica L March

I had a co-worker who showed me how to dowse, he made me (2)L-shaped copper rods. It took a while to learn how to hold them loosely while balancing them. I had the opportunity to test them at our 40 acre farm when the pipe between the 2 ponds stopped flowing. I went in and grabbed the copper rods and just like mentioned above the rods would cross when I walked across the area where my husband then excavated and found the line.

Toby Fortner

My father was really good at finding water for people he used wires i prefer a forked stick dowsing doesn’t have to be proven to me i know without a shadow of a doubt it works i haven’t figured out how to scientifically prove it but i can make anyone feel what i feel as long as im touching the stick you will feel it to there has to be a way you could measure the force being put on my stick its so strong if i try to hold the stick and keep walking the stick will break


David, my wife’s uncle witched for water at the place where we build our first house soon after we where married. He cut a branch cut Y and when he found a stream we marked it. He kept on looking and found another one that was perpendicular to the first. He found out wher they crossed each other then he put the ends in his one hand and held it over where he said they crossed, the end of the Y started bobbing up and down, each bob was a foot. Long story short is we couldn’t pump our well dry, ever.

Richard Parker

my dad did this for years using a fork from a chokecherry tree , nothing else worked for him . i went with him many time when he was witching ,i would mark where with a stone . and the people came in with a drill and drilled another place with no luck . we told them where to drill ,they drill down so far and hit good water .one place we did did the same thing but hit bad water (only lasted a month ) we used a water drill and went done 50 ‘ and water was fine . that was 30 years ago and still pumping good water . my dad is gone now , but every now and then i cut a branch just to show how its done

Susan Higgins

Hi Richard, thanks for sharing your story!


There is an article in our newspaper re: a man finding an ancient cemetary by dousing. The article is in The News commercial, Wednesday, June21,2017. He says the cemetery located is located on private land near Seminary, Ms. at a place calledPeps Point that dates to the 1800’s. The people buried there are relatives of his. He’s into genealogy.

Michael Kluck

By the way… two rods are not necessary. One works fine.

Michael Kluck

I have been dowsing for 50 years with complete success. I don’t care if it is a plastic pipe, a 2×4, a stream of water or whatever… I can find it, even with a dowsing rod made of wooden dowel rods. IT IS NOT MAGNETIC! No “scientist” or anyone else is telling me it’s nonsense! I just recently found a misplaced pair of channel locks with a dowsing rod. It led me right to them! Thank you, Michael

John Benscoter

Hi, I am a 3rd Generation Water-Witch. I work for the USDA—NRCS as a ACES Technician. I water-witch with my job 3 to 4 days a week. I use a steel wire as my tool. I find underground water veins. At 20 to 30 feet from where the water comes to or near the ground’s surface, by holding the wire (bent on a 90 degree angle) I get a magnetic attraction to the point of the start of the water vein. The wire is magnetically attracted to that point. I walk to that point and when I get to the exact point my wire will turn in the direction of the underground water vein. It only work for me, this is the theory that I developed and have studied: 1) Water is a good conductor of electricity 2) The Clay in our Northern Pa. has almost equal amounts of + and – charged Clay particles, this is why you can make a ball out of Clay. 3) The combination of the flowing water as a good conductor of electricity, the + and – of the clay particle’s form and develop Clay veins or clay conduit (pipe). I know it works I use it nearly everyday. It works over concrete, frozen ground or even during Dry times. Feel free to contact me if anyone should want to talk about the subject. I am John Benscoter, my phone# is 570/833/4250, my address is 345 Beech Grove Road, Laceyville, Pa. 18623, my email is [email protected]


My dad wit he’d for water for over 50 years. He was never wrong and always found water. He said when you first felt the willow stick move you counted from there to when it went straight down. This would give you the number of feet you had to go down to hit water. It he was never wrong and the water was always good. I am the only one of six kids that can do it too. Not a lot of call for it in the big city.

Jeanette Robinson

An old well striker gave me the cut coat hangers l shaped said walk around. I did all of a sudden they went down. I hollered. What’s happening. That’s where I’m going to drill
It wasn’t marked. He said keep walking at a different. Spot they turned. Outward again I hollered. That’s underground. Standing. Water. Scary. Gave me chills. I did Alot of exploring over time. Could find water. Lines. Septic. Systems. Even tried over water bed & wands turned out. He also told me how to measure depth & gal per min. I tried again when my sister had a piece of farm ground. Driller came within 2 in of my spot he dowsed also. Some of my kids can do it some can’t. I think it has to do with magnetics.when I worked in an IBM machine room I hacd to wear an antimagnetic watch to keep time.

Ken Sterne

I moved to a rural community from Chicago in the early 70’s. The village maintenance crew (3 of them) were all downers. If they ever failed to find water (or pipes) no one talked about it. I acquired the skill and it works—sometimes.


My Gramma, who passed earlier this year, witched the well for her and Grampa’s house when it was built. She showed me how at an early age. I’m not near as good as she was. 50+ years later that well is still going and has the cleanest water in the area (tested every 2 years)

Bob Sogla

Dowsing is an absolute joke. I hired 3 dowsers to witch my property. Do you think any one of them could agree on a location???? Hell no…

I went with the pick of the most highly recommended dowser. And the hole was dry at 520 feet. Then I drilled were it was most convenient (my pick) and we hit 20 gallons a minute at 132 feet. None of the dowsers rods or twigs even twitched at this location…

Genevieve Pryor

I have no idea as to the reason why, but I seem to be more adept at finding lost graves than water. My grandfather was the water finder and he said use willow for finding water. I used wire for finding the lost graves.
My cousin showed me how. He was a whiz on that. But I think he was good at finding anything ?
At a friends’ request, we doubled up to find a lost baby’s grave ( quicker) and what we found was a surprise to us. When my friend double checked her cousins’ info, it was a TWINS grave we found !

Marchetia gibson

It works

dutch zimmerman

I believe those were well drillers,not well diggers. Unless they used shovels. I drilled wells for 45 years.


A neighbor was accomplished in this and thought I might be able to do it as well. He handed me his dowsing rod, which was a forked copper wire, and it worked!
I honestly didn’t believe until that rod practically jumped out of my hand to point downward. He researched the area and it was a water source. I don’t know how it works, but it appears to. It scared my hubby, though, and he asked me not to do it again….apparently didn’t want to be married to someone ‘spooky”. Somewhat superstitious of him, huh?

jean spruill

I can witch water and find water lines with forked stick or metal hangers, this begin when I was 9 or 10 years old my grandfather was the one who found where water was for everyone who lived near us or for people who ask him to. I told him I didn’t believe that a stick could find water, he said well come with me he cut a stick and showed me how to hold it and told me to hold tight and start walking , I really didn’t know what to say when that stick turn in my hands and I was holding so tight the bark peeled of in my hands it went down then next step it came back up and it did that in the same place every time, So I believe he passed the ability to witch to me when he handed the stick to me that day.


My Grandfarther was a well digger and I saw him use a forked stick from willow trees to find the best place to dig a well. It worked every time. He seemed to think it worked because the live limb needed the water source.

Lori meyer

My mom could do this..we called them water witches…

priscilla langford

My Father used to talk about doing it himself.

Dawne mezurek

Diana fowler… we also have a farm that was owned by old man jones in ohio. Yes he dosed and found and also claimed underground rivers!


My husband and I moved upstate n.y. 14 years ago. We needed a well dug and was told that we should use the old local farmer who could easily locate the water source for us. We contacted him and he came with a hanger wire and took about 20 minutes to locate the water source. Sure enough when the well digger came to dig for the water he only went down 25 feet before he hit a artisian well with water 30 gallons per minute. True Story.

s hoff

There was a local man who used an old pair of slip joint pliers to find water. He would open the pliers pointing them straight up and they would get pulled out of his hands over a good well spot. He would then hang the pliers from his finger and they would spin around and tell him the depth of the water. It was a strong well and He was only off by 5 feet….darndest thing I ever saw


I have witched successfully for water lines with 2 coat hangers spot on every time. The depth is what I need for wells. Please give more detail on that method.


my wife and i had a water witch find water for us to put a well in at our northern pa cabin,he was spot on and the depth also spot on. i belivedit he used a peach branch.


Do you Rember how he did the depth. I would appreciate that information

Chalie Bray

An excellent article, Amber Kanuckel. You didn’t answer your own question, though. All anyone has to do to find their own answer is to contact their local water welldriller and ask them if dowsing for underground water really works. They ALL use this technique everyday.

Jim Hoyt

Love this kind of folklore.
Not sure if I do agree as a Master Naturalist and geologist helper but Granpa did use Dowsing to dig a well in Jefferson County Illinois to supplement the family cisterns.
The well water was so hard that most people had trouble with it especially with washing clothes.
On the spirtual side of this however Grandpa was descended from a Scotsman….

Diana Fowler

“Old Man Jones”was THE guy you wanted to drill for water well when I was a kid. He always “witched” or “dowsed” before drilling. When we bought our farm in Ohio, in 1966,it only had a hand dug cistern. He witched and said there was an underground “river” but extremely deep. He was correct. You could turn on all spigots and run all night without running dry.


I would not drill a well without the advice of a witcher. Not worth the risk!.

Allen & Cindy

We use this same technique to locate graves except we use brass rods. We can determine male or female, how deep the grave is and by determining the length of the grave figure if it’s a child or adult. I don’t know how it works but it does.

James Lindley

When we were having some work done, the guy we hired used 2 bent pieces of coat hanger wire to locate the pipe to out septic tank. I already knew exactly where it was,but I still watched to see if he would locate it.

Cindy Chapin

My father did this.He dug wells and I never known him to be wrong.And also he seem to be able to tell soft water from hard water.
I Don’t know how he done it but he could do it.


My husband uses copper rods to find water line, electrical lines and found our Costa Rican septic tank. My father ‘witched’ wells for a lot of people. I was always told it had to do with the electrical charges of the rods and the water.

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