Farmers Almanac
The Farmers Almanac
Now Shipping!
The 2019 Almanac! Order Today

10 Veggies That Should Grow Together

Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Pinterest Share on LinkedIn Subscribe by Email Print This Post
10 Veggies That Should Grow Together

Companion planting is a great way to maximize the efficiency of your garden. For almost every vegetable you grow, there is likely to be a beneficial companion plant that will help increase soil nutrients, chase away pests, or provide some other benefit. To get the most out of your hard work, we’ve provided the 10 most popular vegetables grown in the United States and their friends (and enemies) in the garden.

Companion Planting For These Top 10 Veggies:

1. Tomatoes

Basil and tomatoes were made to go together, not only in sauces but in the garden, too. This herb helps tomatoes produce greater yields and it repels both flies and mosquitoes. Marigolds are another good companion, repelling nematodes and other garden pests. Other friends to tomatoes include asparagus, carrots, celery, the onion family, lettuce, parsley, and spinach.
Keep tomatoes away from: Cabbage, beets, peas, fennel, dill, and rosemary. Corn and tomatoes both suffer from the corn earworm, and tomatoes and potatoes are affected by the same blight, so keep these plants separate to prevent the spread of pests or disease.

2. Peppers

Basil is a good friend to peppers, helping repel aphids, spider mites, mosquitoes, and flies. It’s also thought that basil improves the pepper’s flavor. Other good companions include onions, spinach, and tomatoes.
Keep peppers away from: Beans so the vines don’t spread among the pepper plants.

3. Green Beans

Corn and beans grow well together because beans will grow up the cornstalks, which means you won’t have to build them a trellis. Beans also fix nitrogen in the soil, which is good for the corn. Marigolds, nasturtiums, rosemary, and summer savory repel bean beetles, and summer savory improves growth rate and flavor. Other companions include broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and other members of the cabbage family along with cucumbers, peas, potatoes, and radishes.
Keep green beans away from: Beets or anything from the onion family. Onions, in particular, impede the growth of bean plants.

(Continued Below)

4. Cucumbers

To repel aphids and beetles, plant marigolds and nasturtiums among your cucumbers. Beans, celery, corn, lettuce, dill, peas, and radishes are also good companion plants.
Keep cucumbers away from: Aromatic herbs such as sage which will stunt the growth of cucumbers.

5. Onions

Carrots should be planted near onions because onions will repel the carrot fly. Onions will also chase away the aphids, so plant them near aphid-prone (but onion-friendly) veggies. Other good friends of onions include beets, cabbage, carrots, lettuce, parsnips (which also suffer from carrot fly), tomatoes, and spices like marjoram, savory, and rosemary.
Keep onions away from: Asparagus, beans, and peas.

6. Lettuce

Plant mint among your lettuce to keep away the slugs that feed on lettuce leaves, or plant chives and garlic to repel aphids. Beans, beets, broccoli, carrots, corn, peas, radishes, and marigolds also work as good companion plants.
Keep lettuce away from: Parsley, because it tends to grow into a small yet bushy plant and can crowd your lettuce.

7. Zucchini/Summer Squash

Corn and squash make good garden friends since the cornstalks give squash vines a place to grow. Squash also does well planted alongside beans, peas, radishes, dill, and marigolds.
Keep summer squash away from: Potatoes, as both plants are prone to blight.

8. Carrots

Carrots are heat sensitive, which is why they go well with tomato plants that can provide them a bit of shade. Tomatoes are also known to produce solanine, which is a natural insecticide that targets pests affecting carrot plants. Tomatoes benefit from carrots, too. Carrots aerate the soil around the roots of the tomato plants, allowing more air and water to reach the roots. Leeks and carrots are also good companions since leeks repel carrot flies and carrots repel leek moths and onion flies. Rosemary, sage, and chive also help repel carrot flies.
Keep carrots away from: Coriander and dill, as they both produce compounds that can harm carrot plants, and parsnips suffer from the same diseases and pests as carrots, so keep them apart to minimize a potential infestation.

9. Radishes

Radishes can be planted among cucumbers to attract cucumber beetles away from the cukes. They also do well among carrots because they are harvested before the carrots and they loosen the soil as the carrots start to take off. Onions, beets, cabbage, kale, lettuce, spinach, and squash are also good friends for radishes.
Keep radish away from: Hyssop.

 10. Sweet Corn

Corn loves veggies that fix nitrogen in the soil—like green beans. Cornstalks also make a great trellis for vining or trailing plants including beans, cucumbers, peas, pumpkins, and melons. Zucchini also does well planted among corn.
Keep corn away from: Tomatoes, as they and corn are attacked by corn earworms. Plant these two far apart to minimize the spread of these pests.

Follow these companion planting guidelines to boost yields, minimize pest or disease problems and make garden management easier.

companion planting guide

 

Articles you might also like...

9 comments

1 Margie { 05.10.19 at 8:46 am }

Mint among the lettuce is no problem for me. As I plant it in my flower boxes to keep the rabbits out. But I have had invade the front yard before. Nice to walk through, but a terror to get rid of. Tried planting in the ditch, but it grew the wrong way and took over the yard.

2 Susan Higgins { 04.29.19 at 12:00 pm }

Hi Julia, Mint makes a great companion plant for sixteen different vegetables, and it’s companion planting advice you’ll see in nearly every garden source. We know mint is a prolific plant and it spreads—you can always sink buckets of it near your lettuce or other veggies if you’re concerned. But some may feel that if it keeps the aphids and other pests out of the veggie garden, it’s a small price to pay.

3 Julia C { 04.27.19 at 7:30 pm }

Holy cow. A number of issues that make the content questionable such as incompatible heat/light requirements, but plant MINT? In between lettuce? In your GARDEN? Yeah, maybe a few less bugs but mint is forever. Super bad advice among others points to a distinct lack of experience.

4 Gregg V Rasor { 03.30.19 at 11:38 pm }

If I use Marigolds in my garden how should I use them? Do I plant one every other seed or just randomly?

5 Katherine Garrett { 02.09.19 at 11:22 pm }

I want to grow rubarb. What is good to grow near it?

6 Susan Higgins { 06.21.18 at 8:39 am }

Hi Greg, here’s some good information about what are friends and foes of eggplant: https://www.ufseeds.com/learning/companion-planting/

7 Greg { 06.20.18 at 4:25 pm }

What can be planted around eggplants ?

8 Susan Higgins { 05.03.18 at 2:56 pm }

Hi Kelly, good companion plants for potatoes are beans, corn, cabbage, horseradish, marigold, and eggplant.

9 Kelly { 04.30.18 at 4:39 pm }

What are good plants for potatoes

Leave a Comment

Note: Comments that further the discussion of the above content are likely to be approved. Those comments that are vague or are simply submitted in order to promote a product, service or web site, although not necessarily considered "spam," are generally not approved.

If you notice a hole in the upper left-hand corner of your Farmers' Almanac, don't return it to the store! That hole isn't a defect; it's a part of history. Starting with the first edition of the Farmers' Almanac in 1818, readers used to nail holes into the corners to hang it up in their homes, barns, and outhouses (to provide both reading material and toilet paper). In 1919, the Almanac's publishers began pre-drilling holes in the corners to make it even easier for readers to keep all of that invaluable information (and paper) handy.

Spring Is Here – Sign Up Today!

The Farmers' Almanac is a gardener's best friend. Get 365 days of access to our online weather and gardening calendars + a copy of the 2017 Almanac
for only $13.99 $11.99!

Subscribe Today »